New redating testament

02-Feb-2018 00:38

They took the mostly prose legal material and shaped it (mostly poetically) especially employing a rich imagery via metaphors and allegories, God's purpose through them being to express the essence of the covenant message effectively. When the prophets are called to excoriate Israel or other nations what they attack in effect are crimes against the covenant. Such a ministry was sometimes considered the equivalent of treason (Am. It was not anything that the prophets themselves initiated, however. 2: 6-8; 4: 1; 6: 1-7), with apparent state support.

Their inventiveness is always in service of the long-extant Mosaic covenant. These crimes were sometimes religious-doctrinal, that is crimes of heterodoxy (Am. Yahweh's word was the agent of correction, not the prophet. The prophets brought against this sin their sole weapon: Yahweh's word. in some cases this brought them even into the role of intercessor (Dt. By this affirmation we do not intend to imply that the prophets were fully cognizant of every conceivable implication or ramification of the words God gave to them.

For example, Jeremiah had to relay God's message to Judah that submission to Babylon (treason, as far as his hearers thought) - was their only option (Je. In preaching aspects of this message he says 'This is what Yahweh said to me...' (27: 2); and quotes God's words: 'Then send word...' (27: 3); 'Give them a message...' (27: 4); 'Say, This is what Yahweh Almighty, The God of Israel says...' (27: 4); and adds (Oracle of Yahweh' (27: 11); knew God had given him that message to pass on. The prophets got some of their oracles by being allowed by God to overhear heavenly deliberations or to be told directly by God the content of his plans () in the Hebrew means one 'called', having a special commission directly from God. 13: 1), often called by God 'my servants' or the like (2 Kgs. If there had not been a covenant, it is hard to imagine what sorts of things Israelite prophets, if they had existed in the same sense, might have had to say.

They saw themselves in a special position among mankind. Perhaps they would have introduced particular aspects of Yahweh's will to particular people at particular times.[4] In the absence of any previous covenantal revelation, perhaps they might have developed and promulgated some sort of relatively enlightened social ethics as a counter force to the oppressive characteristics of the society they lived in.[5] But there was a covenant, and the prophets were raised up by God to summon people back to obedience to that covenant.

He answers Amaziah not with his own rejoinder, but with God's: 'Therefore, this is what Yahweh says ...' (Am. Indeed the prophets were neither radical social reformers nor great religious thinkers or pioneers. There is nothing to support the idea that the rational, cognitive faculties were bypassed in the course of any inspiration.

It was Yahweh's word that accomplished these tasks. We judge that there is sufficient evidence for this contention, though largely inferential in nature, and sometimes involving speculation.

' This is not the same as asking, 'What roles did Old Testament prophets in fact have? For the answer to our question, we have relatively little explicit data.

Jeremiah is actually forbidden by God to intercede for Israel against the wrath to come (7: 16; 11: 14; 14: 11). Even the oracles about the future appear quite comprehensible to the prophets.

This is partly because the oracles themselves are so clear.

The prophets were ardent patriots, as the covenant demanded. Micaiah knows exactly how objectionable his true prophecy will be to Ahab, so first sarcastically delivers a false prophecy (2 Chr. He knows very well how the destruction he prophecies will affect even the prophets who oppose him (verse 24) as well as the king (verse 27).

For those to whom the covenant sanctions demanded punishment, they insisted on that punishment at God's behest, denouncing the guilty party, even if king (2 Sa. The intercessory stance sometimes assumed by the prophets demonstrates their awareness of the implications of their revelation. 7: 1-6) clearly indicate to Amos the unsparing wrath of God, against which he intercedes.

' This is not the same as asking, 'What roles did Old Testament prophets in fact have? For the answer to our question, we have relatively little explicit data.

Jeremiah is actually forbidden by God to intercede for Israel against the wrath to come (7: 16; 11: 14; 14: 11). Even the oracles about the future appear quite comprehensible to the prophets.

This is partly because the oracles themselves are so clear.

The prophets were ardent patriots, as the covenant demanded. Micaiah knows exactly how objectionable his true prophecy will be to Ahab, so first sarcastically delivers a false prophecy (2 Chr. He knows very well how the destruction he prophecies will affect even the prophets who oppose him (verse 24) as well as the king (verse 27).

For those to whom the covenant sanctions demanded punishment, they insisted on that punishment at God's behest, denouncing the guilty party, even if king (2 Sa. The intercessory stance sometimes assumed by the prophets demonstrates their awareness of the implications of their revelation. 7: 1-6) clearly indicate to Amos the unsparing wrath of God, against which he intercedes.

Whether in ecstatic bands, accompanied by music (1 Sm. The Old Testament prophets did not think of themselves as innovators. His prophecies date from the reigns of Jeroboam II and the several succeeding northern kings ( 750-722 BC).